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Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000 Jul;32(7):1197-201.

Left ventricular contractility and function at peak aerobic and anaerobic exercises.

Author information

1
Sports Medicine & Rehabilitation Division, The Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Wingate, Israel. sagiv@wincol.macam98.ac.il

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The present study compared and evaluated left ventricular function and contractility at peak incremental aerobic type exercise and all-out explosive anaerobic effort in young healthy trained subjects.

METHODS:

Twenty-two young healthy trained subjects (19 +/- 1 yr) were studied by two-dimensional direct M-mode echocardiography at peak aerobic and at peak all-out anaerobic exercises, performed on cycle ergometer.

RESULTS:

All subjects completed the study without any electrocardiographic abnormalities. Significant (P < 0.05) differences between the aerobic and the anaerobic efforts were noted for peak cardiac output (24 +/- 2.0 and 15.0 +/- 1.1 L x min (-1), respectively), left ventricular pressure-volume ratio (5.8 +/- 0.6 and 4.7 +/- 0.5 respectively), end systolic volume (33 +/- 4 and 42 +/- 5 mL, respectively), ejection fraction (79 +/- 7 and 66 +/- 5%, respectively), and total peripheral resistance (TPR) (367 +/- 90 and 704 +/- 90 dynes x s(-1) x cm(- 5), respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

These data suggest that left ventricular at peak all out anaerobic effort differed markedly from those observed at peak aerobic exercise. These differences are presumably due to the different after-load responses between the two exercise modes. Therefore, it is suggested that anaerobic-type effort should be performed with great caution in normal young healthy subjects.

PMID:
10912881
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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