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Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000 Jul;32(7):1197-201.

Left ventricular contractility and function at peak aerobic and anaerobic exercises.

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Sports Medicine & Rehabilitation Division, The Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Wingate, Israel.



The present study compared and evaluated left ventricular function and contractility at peak incremental aerobic type exercise and all-out explosive anaerobic effort in young healthy trained subjects.


Twenty-two young healthy trained subjects (19 +/- 1 yr) were studied by two-dimensional direct M-mode echocardiography at peak aerobic and at peak all-out anaerobic exercises, performed on cycle ergometer.


All subjects completed the study without any electrocardiographic abnormalities. Significant (P < 0.05) differences between the aerobic and the anaerobic efforts were noted for peak cardiac output (24 +/- 2.0 and 15.0 +/- 1.1 L x min (-1), respectively), left ventricular pressure-volume ratio (5.8 +/- 0.6 and 4.7 +/- 0.5 respectively), end systolic volume (33 +/- 4 and 42 +/- 5 mL, respectively), ejection fraction (79 +/- 7 and 66 +/- 5%, respectively), and total peripheral resistance (TPR) (367 +/- 90 and 704 +/- 90 dynes x s(-1) x cm(- 5), respectively).


These data suggest that left ventricular at peak all out anaerobic effort differed markedly from those observed at peak aerobic exercise. These differences are presumably due to the different after-load responses between the two exercise modes. Therefore, it is suggested that anaerobic-type effort should be performed with great caution in normal young healthy subjects.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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