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Exp Cell Res. 2000 Jul 10;258(1):215-22.

Simian virus 40 induces multiple S phases with the majority of viral DNA replication in the G2 and second S phase in CV-1 cells.

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Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, Center for Immunology and Microbial Diseases, Albany Medical College, New York 12208, USA.


The infection of permissive monkey kidney cells (CV-1) with simian virus 40 induces G1 growth-arrested cells into the cell cycle. After completion of the first S phase and movement into G2, mitosis was blocked and the cells entered another DNA synthesis cycle (second S phase). Growth-arrested CV-1 cells replicated significant amounts of viral DNA in the G2 phase with the majority of synthesis occurring during the second S phase. When mimosine-blocked (G1/S) infected cells were released into the cell cycle, a major portion of the viral DNA was detected in G2 with the largest accumulation in the second S phase. The total DNA produced per infected cell was 10-12C with approximately 0.5-2C of viral DNA replicated per cell. Therefore the majority of the DNA per cell was cellular, 4C from the first S phase and approximately 4-6C from the second cellular synthesis phase.

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