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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1979 May 9;546(2):270-9.

Sulfide inhibition of photosystem II in cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) and tobacco chloroplasts.


The present study shows that in the presence of 600 nm light, sulfide acts as a specific inhibitor of photosynthetic electron transport between water and Photosystem II in the cyanobacteria Aphanothece halophytica and Synechococcus 6311 as well as in tobacco chloroplasts. In the presence of 600 nm light sulfied affects the fast fluorescence transients as does a low concentration (10 mM) of hydroxylamine; the fluorescence yield decreases in the presence of either chemical and can be restored by the addition of 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea. In chloroplasts, however, NH2OH, an electron donor at high concentrations (40 mM), relieves the sulfide effect. In the dark, sulfide affects the cyanobacterial fluorescence transients through decrease of oxygen tension. The fluorescence yield increases in a similar pattern to that observed under nitrogen flushing. Upon omission of sulfide in A. halophytica, the characteristic aerobic fluorescence transients return, consistent with the ease of alternation between oxygenic and sulfide-dependent anoxygenic photosynthesis in many cyanobacteria.

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