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Dev Growth Differ. 2000 Jun;42(3):249-56.

Expression and characterization of Xenopus type I collagen alpha 1 (COL1A1) during embryonic development.

Author information

1
Department of Zoology, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Japan. kubotahy@develop.zool.kyoto-u.ac.jp

Abstract

A cDNA encoding Xenopus type I collagen alpha 1 (Xenopus COL1A1) has been isolated from an ovary cDNA library. The COL1A1 cDNA is approximately 5.7 kb pairs and encodes 1447 amino acids. The putative COL1A1 polypeptide shares high identities of amino acid sequence with other vertebrate COL1A1 proteins. The level of Xenopus COL1A1 transcripts was increased markedly in the posterior region of the embryo at the tail-bud stage, then gradually spread to the anterior region. Histological observations of the tail-bud embryos showed that COL1A1 was mainly expressed in the inner layer of the posterior dorsal epidermis exposed to the somite mesoderm, except for in the dorsal fin. Less intense signals were also detected in the outer layer of the dorsal epidermis and dermatome. The expression of COL1A1 was increased in posteriorized embryos resulting from treatment with retinoic acid but decreased in hyper-dorsalized embryos resulting from lithium chloride treatment. These results suggest that COL1A1 is a major component of the dorsal dermis exposed to the somite in Xenopus embryos, but its expression is not related to the temporal sequence of somite segregation.

PMID:
10910131
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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