Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Neurology. 2000 Jul 25;55(2):250-7.

Alterations in bcl-2 and caspase gene family protein expression in human temporal lobe epilepsy.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To address the role of cell death regulatory genes of the bcl-2 and caspase families in the neuropathology of human epilepsy using tissue extracted from patients undergoing temporal lobectomy for intractable seizures.

METHODS:

Using Western blotting and immunohistochemistry, the authors investigated the expression of bcl-2, bcl-xL, bax, caspase-1,and caspase-3 in temporal cortex samples from patients who had undergone temporal lobectomy surgery for intractable epilepsy (n = 19). Nonepileptic postmortem tissue from a brain bank served as control (n = 6).

RESULTS:

Western blot analysis demonstrated significant increases in levels of bcl-2 and bcl-xL protein in seizure brain compared to control. Cleavage of caspase-1 was evidenced by a reduction in levels of the 45 kDa proenzyme form and an increase in levels of the p10 fragment. Levels of the 32 kDa proenzyme form of caspase-3 were elevated in seizure patients, as were levels of the 12 kDa cleaved fragment. Bcl-2, bax, and caspase-3 immunoreactivity was increased predominantly in cells with the morphologic appearance of neurons, whereas bcl-xL immunoreactivity was increased in cells with the appearance of glia. DNA fragmentation was detected in some but not all sections from epileptic brain samples.

CONCLUSIONS:

Cell death regulatory genes of the bcl-2 and caspase families may play a role in ongoing neuropathologic processes in human epilepsy, and offer novel targets as an adjunct to anticonvulsant therapy.

PMID:
10908900
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center