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Obstet Gynecol. 2000 Aug;96(2):261-5.

Nicotine replacement prescription practices of obstetric and pediatric clinicians.

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Department of Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut 06030, USA.



To assess smoking cessation counseling and nicotine replacement therapy prescription and recommendation practices among obstetric and pediatric providers.


We sent out a self-administered survey to 61 obstetric and pediatric nurse practitioners and physicians at six community health centers in the Boston area.


Obstetric providers were more likely to view smoking cessation counseling as their responsibility in treating pregnant women than pediatric providers did in treating infants with mothers who smoked (mean +/- standard deviation [95% confidence interval] 4.5 +/- 0.76 [4.2, 4.8] versus 4.0 +/- 0.8 [3.7, 4.3] on a five-point scale; P <.05). Obstetric providers believed that smoking cessation counseling was more effective than did pediatric providers (3.45 +/- 1.1 [3.0, 3.9] versus 2.8 +/- 0.8 [2.5, 3.1] on a five-point scale; P <.05) and were more likely to report provision of cessation assistance than pediatric providers (63% [44%, 82%] versus 17% [5%, 29%]; P <.05). Obstetric providers were more likely to prescribe or recommend over-the-counter nicotine replacement therapy than pediatric providers (44% [25%, 63%] versus 11% [1%, 21%], P =.004). Reasons for not prescribing nicotine replacement differed according to specialty; however, perceived lack of efficacy was not a typical reason given by clinicians in either specialty. Only two of 47 practitioners who did not prescribe or recommend those therapies listed that as a factor in their decisions.


We found that nicotine replacement therapies are commonly prescribed or recommended to pregnant smokers by obstetric providers, but less commonly to lactating women by pediatric providers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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