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Circulation. 2000 Jul 25;102(4):426-31.

Oral Beraprost sodium, a prostaglandin I(2) analogue, for intermittent claudication: a double-blind, randomized, multicenter controlled trial. Beraprost et Claudication Intermittente (BERCI) Research Group.

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  • 1Service de Pharmacologie Clinique, Hôpitaux de Lyon.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Beraprost sodium (BPS) is a new stable, orally active prostaglandin I(2) analogue with antiplatelet and vasodilating properties. We report the results of a phase III clinical trial of BPS in patients with intermittent claudication.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Patients (n=549) with a pain-free walking distance of between 50 and 300 m were entered into a 4-week single-blind placebo run-in phase. Patients whose pain-free walking distance had changed by <25% were then randomized to receive either BPS (40 microg TID, n=209) or placebo (n=213) in a double-blind manner for 6 months. Pain-free and maximum walking distances were measured on the occasion of treadmill exercise tests performed at baseline and 1.5, 3, 4.5, and 6 months after randomization. Success was defined as an improvement of >50% in pain-free walking distance at month 6 and in > or =1 earlier treadmill exercise test in the absence of critical cardiovascular events. Success was observed more frequently in the BPS group (43.5%) than in the placebo group (33.3%, P=0.036). Pain-free walking distances increased by 81.5% and 52.5%, respectively, in the BPS and placebo groups (P=0.001) and maximum walking distances by 60.1% and 35.0%, respectively (P=0.004). The incidence of critical cardiovascular events was 4.8% in the BPS group and 8.9% in the placebo group.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results show that BPS is an effective symptomatic treatment of patients with intermittent claudication. The beneficial effects of BPS on critical cardiovascular events should be confirmed in appropriate clinical trials.

PMID:
10908215
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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