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Sex Transm Dis. 2000 Jul;27(6):338-42.

Heterosexual transmission of hepatitis C, hepatitis B, and HIV-1 in a sample of inner city women.

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  • 1Department of Preventive Medicine, State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, 11203, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To clarify the role of heterosexual transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and to identify associated risk factors.

GOAL:

To compare risk factors with infection among women with HCV, HIV-1, and hepatitis B virus (HBV).

STUDY DESIGN:

A cross-sectional study of the prevalence of HCV, HIV-1, and HBV in a sample of 599 sexually active, nontransfused, inner-city women with no evidence of intravenous drug use.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of HCV was 1.6%, compared with 2.0% for HIV-1 and 18.8% for HBV; 75% of women infected with HCV were also infected with HIV-1 or HBV (P < 0.001). Women engaging in very high-risk sexual behavior were 14.2 times more likely to have HCV than other women (95% CI, 1.8-642.5).

CONCLUSIONS:

The epidemic of HCV may be facilitated by high-risk sexual behavior. The relatively high prevalence of HCV suggests the need for more widespread screening among inner-city females.

PMID:
10907909
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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