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Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2000 Jul;19(3):248-57.

Topoisomerase II alpha: prognostic predictor and cell cycle marker in surface epithelial neoplasms of the ovary and peritoneum.

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Department of Pathology, University of Louisville Medical School, Kentucky 40292, USA.


Immunohistochemistry for Topoisomerase II alpha (TopoIIa), a nuclear protein important for the separation of chromosomes and deoxyribonucleic acid replication, provides insight into the molecular events in the cell cycle and the response to chemotherapeutic agents, which target TopoIIa. We test the hypothesis that the percentage of TopoIIa immunoreactive nuclei (TopoIIaI) aids in the treatment and prognostic evaluation of ovarian and primary peritoneal surface epithelial neoplasms (SENs) and correlates with established cell cycle control markers: p53, p21WAF1/CIP1 (p21), and Ki67. Paraffin sections from a retrospective surgical series of 108 SENs were immunostained with anti-TopoIIa, anti-p53, anti-p21, and anti-Ki67. The TopoIIaI, the Ki67 proliferation index (Ki67PI), and the immunoreactivity score for p53 and p21 (IMS: S1, S2, S3 < 10%, 10 to 50%, > 50% of strong staining cells, respectively) were evaluated manually. TopoIIaI and Ki67PI ranged from 5 to 84% and 4 to 88% (mean/median: 31/30 and 44/46%), respectively, and were correlated (coefficient 0.62, p < 10(-11)). IMS of 108 SENs was as follows: p53 50% + (2S1, 52S3) and p21 66% + (38S1, 12S2, 21S3). The TopoIIaI associated directly with p53 (p < 10(-5) and inversely with p21 (p < 0.005) IMS. TopoIIaI correlated with SEN architectural/nuclear grade (p < 10(-5)/10(-7)), but not histologic type. Sixty-seven patients had disease at last follow-up, 55 were dead from disease at 2 to 67 months (mean/median 24/21), and 14 were alive with disease at 31 to 230 months (mean/median 73/59). Forty-one patients were disease free at 5 to 228 months (mean/median 75/54). TopoIIaI correlated with presence of disease (p < 0.01) and poor survival (p < 1 x 10(-9), even when only 93 invasive SEN cases are considered (p < 0.005). TopoIIaI correlates with poor prognosis and other cell cycle control markers. The patients in this retrospective series of SEN were treated primarily with platinum-based chemotherapy. These data may suggest further prospective studies in which patients with SENs exhibiting high TopoIIaI are treated with chemotherapy targeted against TopoIIa (e.g., etoposide). In this retrospective series, high SEN TopoIIaI predicted poor survival when treated with platinum-based chemotherapy, which does not target TopoIIa.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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