Send to

Choose Destination
Diabetes. 2000 May;49(5):832-7.

Genotype/phenotype relationships in HNF-4alpha/MODY1: haploinsufficiency is associated with reduced apolipoprotein (AII), apolipoprotein (CIII), lipoprotein(a), and triglyceride levels.

Author information

Laboratory of Metabolic Diseases, Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10021, USA.


Hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-4alpha is a transcription factor that plays an important role in regulation of gene expression in pancreatic beta-cells and in the liver. Heterozygous mutations in the HNF-4alpha gene are responsible for maturity-onset diabetes of the young 1 (MODY1), which is characterized by pancreatic beta-cell-deficient insulin secretion. HNF-4alpha is a major transcriptional regulator of many genes expressed in the liver. However, no liver defect has been identified in individuals with HNF-4alpha mutations. In this study, we have identified HNF-4alpha target genes that are mainly expressed in the liver, including alpha1-antitrypsin, alpha1-antichymotrypsin, alpha-fetal protein, ceruloplasmin, IGF binding protein 1, transferrin, apolipoprotein(AI) [apo(AI)], apo(AII), apo(B), and apo(CIII). Serum levels of these proteins and Lp(a) and triglycerides were measured in 24 members of the HNF-4alpha/MODY1 RW pedigree (Q268X mutation), including 12 diabetic patients with HNF-4alpha mutations (D-HNF4+/-), 6 nondiabetic subjects with HNF-4alpha mutations (N-HNF4+/-), 6 normal relatives (N-HNF4+/+), 6 unrelated normal matched control subjects (N-HNF4+/+), and 12 matched diabetic (non-MODY1-5) patients (D-HNF4+/+). Serum levels of apo(AII), apo(CIII), lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)], and triglyceride were significantly reduced in HNF4+/- subjects (26.9, 19.8, 12.1, and 72.1 mg/dl, respectively) compared with HNF4+/+ subjects (37.4, 26.5, 45.2, and 124.2 mg/dl, respectively) (P = 0.00001, P = 0.01, P = 0.00006, and P = 0.000003, respectively). This reduction was not found when apo(AII), apo(CIII), Lp(a), and triglyceride levels were compared in D-HNF4+/- versus N-HNF4+/- or in D-HNF4+/+ versus N-HNF4+/+ subjects, which indicates that HNF-4alpha haploinsufficiency rather than hyperglycemia is the primary cause of decreased serum protein and triglyceride concentrations. Furthermore, we determined that genetic or environmental modifiers other than HNF-4alpha do not appear to contribute to the observed decrease of HNF-4alpha-regulated serum proteins. This study demonstrates that a heterozygous HNF-4alpha mutation leads to an HNF-4alpha-dependent hepatocyte secretory defect of liver-specific proteins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center