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J Ethnopharmacol. 2000 Jul;71(1-2):109-14.

Comparison of the free radical-scavenging activity of propolis from several regions of Argentina.

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Cátedra de Fitoquímica, Instituto de Estudios Vegetales, Facultad de Bioquímica, Química y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Ayacucho 461, 4000, San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina.


Propolis is extensively used in Argentine folk medicine. Alcoholic extracts of propolis from different regions of Argentina were prepared. The extracts were analysed for the determination of total flavonoid content (from 13.3 to 42.6 mg/g of propolis) by using the aluminum nitrate method, UV spectrophotometry and thin layer chromatography. All of them contained high total flavonoid content. It was also observed that all samples of ethanolic extracts of propolis showed free radical-scavenging activity in terms of scavenging of the radical DPPH but the highest activities were found for samples from Tucumán and Santiago del Estero. In all cases with 20 microg/ml of soluble principles, the percentage of DPPH degradation was different (Banda Oeste: 67.5%; Verónica: 45%; Forres: 35%; Saenz Peña: 20% and Juan José Castelli: 55%). These results may justify their use as a source of natural antioxidants.

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