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BMJ. 2000 Jul 22;321(7255):208-13.

Chlamydia pneumoniae IgG titres and coronary heart disease: prospective study and meta-analysis.

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1
Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HE.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the association between coronary heart disease and serum markers of chronic Chlamydia pneumoniae infection.

DESIGN:

"Nested" case-control analysis in a prospective cohort study and an updated meta-analysis of previous relevant studies.

SETTING:

General practices in 18 towns in Britain.

PARTICIPANTS:

Of the 5661 men aged 40-59 who provided blood samples during 1978-80, 496 men who died from coronary heart disease or had non-fatal myocardial infarction and 989 men who had not developed coronary heart disease by 1996 were included.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

IgG serum antibodies to C pneumoniae in baseline samples; details of fatal and non-fatal coronary heart disease from medical records and death certificates.

RESULTS:

200 (40%) of the 496 men with coronary heart disease were in the top third of C pneumoniae titres compared with 329 (33%) of the 989 controls. The corresponding odds ratio for coronary heart disease was 1.66 (95% confidence interval 1.25 to 2.21), which fell to 1.22 (0.82 to 1.82) after adjustment for smoking and indicators of socioeconomic status. No strong associations were observed between C pneumoniae IgG titres and blood lipid concentrations, blood pressure, or plasma homocysteine concentration. In aggregate, the present study and 14 other prospective studies of C pneumoniae IgG titres included 3169 cases, yielding a combined odds ratio of 1. 15 (0.97 to 1.36), with no significant heterogeneity among the separate studies (chi(2)=10.5, df=14; P>0.1).

CONCLUSION:

This study, together with a meta-analysis of previous prospective studies, reliably excludes the existence of any strong association between C pneumoniae IgG titres and incident coronary heart disease. Further studies are required, however, to confirm or refute any modest association that may exist, particularly at younger ages.

PMID:
10903653
PMCID:
PMC27437
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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