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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000 Jul;162(1):197-202.

Hemodynamic tolerance of intermittent hemodialysis in critically ill patients: usefulness of practice guidelines.

Author information

1
Service de Réanimation Médicale, Unité d'Hygiène et de Prévention de l'infection, Hôpital Henri Mondor, AP-HP, Créteil, France.

Abstract

Poor hemodynamic tolerance of intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) is a common problem for patients in an intensive care unit (ICU). New dialysis strategies have been adapted to chronic hemodialysis patients with cardiovascular insufficiency. To improve hemodynamic tolerance of IHD, specific guidelines were progressively implemented into practice through the year 1996 in our 26-bed medical ICU. To evaluate the efficiency of these guidelines we retrospectively compared all IHD performed during the years before (1995) and after (1997) implementation of these recommendations. Forty-five patients underwent 248 IHD sessions in 1995 and 76 patients underwent 289 IHD sessions in 1997. The two populations were similar for age, sex, chronic hemodialysis (26% versus 17%), and secondary acute renal failure. In 1997, patients were more severely ill with a higher SAPS II (50 +/- 17 versus 59 +/- 24; p = 0.036), and more patients required epinephrine or norepinephrine infusion before dialysis sessions (16% versus 34%; p < 0.0001). The compliance to guidelines was high, inducing a significant change in IHD modalities. As a result, hemodynamic tolerance was significantly better in 1997, with less systolic blood pressure drop at onset (33% versus 21%, p = 0. 002) and during the sessions (68% versus 56%, p = 0.002). IHD with hypotensive episode or need for therapeutic interventions were less frequent in 1997 (71% versus 61%, p = 0.015). The ICU mortality was similar (53.3% in 1995 versus 47.3% in 1997; p = 0.52) but death rate in 1997, but not in 1995, was significantly less than predicted from SAPS II (47.3% versus 65.6%; p = 0.02). Length of ICU stay was also reduced for survivors in 1997 (p = 0.04). Implementation of practice guidelines for intermittent hemodialysis in ICU patients lessens hemodynamic instability and may improve outcome.

PMID:
10903241
DOI:
10.1164/ajrccm.162.1.9907098
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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