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J Pers Assess. 2000 Jun;74(3):489-503.

The Eating Attitudes Test: validation with DSM-IV eating disorder criteria.

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1
Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology, University of Missouri-Columbia, USA. mintzl@missouri.edu

Abstract

The Eating Attitudes Test (EAT; Garner & Garfinkel, 1979) is one of the most widely used self-report eating disorder instruments. Originally developed to diagnose anorexia nervosa, it is often used in nonclinical samples where it has a high false-positive rate, which is likely due to changes in diagnostic criteria. Because the EAT has not been validated with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed. [DSM-IV]; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) criteria, we examined its criterion validity for discriminating between nonclinical women with and without an undifferentiated DSM-IV eating disorder diagnosis. We also examined differences in mean EAT scores among eating-disordered, symptomatic, and asymptomatic participants. Results show that the EAT has an accuracy rate of at least 90% when used to differentially diagnose those with and without eating disorders and that mean EAT scores differed among eating-disordered, symptomatic, and asymptomatic participants.

PMID:
10900574
DOI:
10.1207/S15327752JPA7403_11
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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