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J Neurosci Res. 2000 Aug 1;61(3):251-62.

Mature oligodendrocyte apoptosis precedes IGF-1 production and oligodendrocyte progenitor accumulation and differentiation during demyelination/remyelination.

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1
UNC Neuroscience Center and Curriculum in Neurobiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA.

Abstract

We have documented changes in the oligodendrocyte population during demyelinating insult to the adult CNS. Feeding of cuprizone to adult mice led to apoptotic death of mature oligodendrocytes followed by profound demyelination of the corpus callosum. A regenerative response was initiated even during active demyelination. Oligodendrocyte progenitors have begun to proliferate and then accumulate within the lesion. Many of these cells may have migrated from the sub-ventricular zone and fornix before their accumulation in the demyelinating corpus callosum. The accumulation of differentiating oligodendrocyte progenitors was followed closely by the reappearance of mature oligodendrocytes and remyelination. Interestingly, an increase in IGF-1 mRNA was detected at Week 3 through Week 7, suggesting potential involvement in remyelination. Other factors, however, such as PDGF, NT3, FGF, jagged, and notch remained unchanged. These results suggest that the mature oligodendroglial population depleted by apoptosis is replaced by a newly formed oligodendroglial population derived from progenitors; these accumulate and seem to differentiate during remyelination.

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