Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Ther. 2000 Jul;2(1):63-70.

Enhanced gene expression in mouse lung after PEI-DNA aerosol delivery.

Author information

Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.


Aerosol gene delivery to the pulmonary system has vast potential for many diseases, including cystic fibrosis and lung cancer. We recently reported that polyethyleneimine (PEI), a cationic polymer, holds promise as a gene delivery vector for transfection in lung by aerosol. To further optimize the gene expression in the lung by aerosol, we utilized 5% CO(2) in air for the nebulization of PEI-DNA complexes. Five percent CO(2)-in-air gave a threefold higher gene expression compared to normal air using the chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT) reporter gene delivered by Aerotech II nebulizer. The delivery of DNA by PEI was dose dependent with the highest expression obtained when 2 mg of DNA in 10 ml was nebulized at a PEI nitrogen:DNA phosphate (N:P) ratio of 10:1. The optimal N:P ratio for lung transfection was found to be between 10:1 and 20:1 using the CAT and luciferase reporter genes. The time-course studies showed the highest expression at 24 h after aerosol delivery and 40-50% of peak level was detectable even after a week. Tissue distribution indicates the expression to be specific to the lung with no detectable expression in any other tissue examined. Histological and biochemical analysis of lungs revealed no evidence of acute inflammation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center