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Proteins. 2000 Sep 1;40(4):590-612.

Adrenodoxin: structure, stability, and electron transfer properties.

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Naturwissenschaftlich-Technische Fakultät III, Fachrichtung 8.8 - Biochemie, Universität des Saarlandes, Saarbrücken, Germany.


Adrenodoxin is an iron-sulfur protein that belongs to the broad family of the [2Fe-2S]-type ferredoxins found in plants, animals and bacteria. Its primary function as a soluble electron carrier between the NADPH-dependent adrenodoxin reductase and several cytochromes P450 makes it an irreplaceable component of the steroid hormones biosynthesis in the adrenal mitochondria of vertebrates. This review intends to summarize current knowledge about structure, function, and biochemical behavior of this electron transferring protein. We discuss the recently solved first crystal structure of the vertebrate-type ferredoxin, the truncated adrenodoxin Adx(4-108), that offers the unique opportunity for better understanding of the structure-function relationships and stabilization of this protein, as well as of the molecular architecture of [2Fe-2S] ferredoxins in general. The aim of this review is also to discuss molecular requirements for the formation of the electron transfer complex. Essential comparison between bacterial putidaredoxin and mammalian adrenodoxin will be provided. These proteins have similar tertiary structure, but show remarkable specificity for interactions only with their own cognate cytochrome P450. The discussion will be largely centered on the protein-protein recognition and kinetics of adrenodoxin dependent reactions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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