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Curr Biol. 2000 Jul 13;10(14):865-8.

The dynamic behavior of the APC-binding protein EB1 on the distal ends of microtubules.

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Tsukita Cell Axis Project, Exploratory Research for Advanced Technology, Japan Science and Technology Corporation, Shimogyo-ku, 600-8813, Japan.


Adenomatous polyposis coli protein (APC) is a well-characterized tumor suppressor protein [1] [2] [3]. We previously showed that APC tagged with green fluorescent protein (GFP) in Xenopus A6 epithelial cells moves along a subset of microtubules and accumulates at their growing plus ends in cell extensions [4]. EB1, which was identified as an APC-binding protein by yeast two-hybrid analysis [5], was also reported to be associated with microtubules [6] [7] [8]. To examine the interaction between APC and EB1 within cells, we compared the dynamic behavior of EB1-GFP with that of APC-GFP in A6 transfectants. Time-lapse microscopy of live cells at interphase revealed that EB1-GFP was concentrated at all of the growing microtubule ends throughout the cytoplasm and abruptly disappeared from the ends when microtubules began to shorten. Therefore, EB1 appeared to be co-localized and interact with APC on the growing ends of a subset of microtubules. When APC-GFP was overexpressed, endogenous EB1 was recruited to APC-GFP, which accumulated in large amounts on microtubules. On the other hand, when microtubules were disassembled by nocodazole, EB1 was not co-localized with APC-GFP, which was concentrated along the basal plasma membrane. During mitosis, APC appeared to be dissociated from microtubules, whereas EB1-GFP continued to concentrate at microtubule growing ends. These findings showed that the APC-EB1 interaction is regulated within cells and is allowed near the ends of microtubules only under restricted conditions.

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