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Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2000 Mar-Apr;94(2):221-4.

Local and systemic concentrations of tumour necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 in bacterial osteomyelitis.

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Department of Orthopaedic, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK.


Osteomyelitis is a major cause of morbidity worldwide but there are few data investigating pathogenesis of infection and no investigations into local secretion of proinflammatory cytokines in patients. Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF), interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 concentrations were measured in pus of infected bone from 30 Zambian patients with chronic osteomyelitis (principally caused by Staphylococcus aureus), in plasma, and after lipopolysaccharide stimulation of whole-blood leucocytes. Patients had reduced body mass index compared to controls (P = 0.025) and an acute-phase response. Elevated concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines were detected in bone compared to plasma (all P < 0.0002). Bone IL-8 concentrations were greater than IL-8 levels after lipopolysaccharide stimulation of whole blood (P < 0.01). In contrast, systemic and ex-vivo-stimulated concentrations of proinflammatory cytokine were similar in patients and controls, despite differences in body mass index and an acute-phase response. In summary, we observed marked local TNF, IL-6 and IL-8 secretion in established bacterial osteomyelitis without systemic cytokine release.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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