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AIDS. 2000 Jun 16;14(9):1195-201.

Absence of zidovudine resistance in antiretroviral-naive patients following zidovudine/lamivudine/protease inhibitor combination therapy: virological evaluation of the AVANTI 2 and AVANTI 3 studies.

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Glaxo Wellcome Research and Development, Clinical Virology, Stevenage, Hertfordshire, UK.



To assess the role of resistance mutations in subjects experiencing virological failure on zidovudine (ZDV) and lamivudine (3TC) combined with a protease inhibitor (PI) to those failing on ZDV/3TC alone.


Samples were obtained from previously antiretroviral therapy-naive subjects enrolled into two studies, AVANTI 2 and AVANTI 3. Subjects were randomized to receive either: ZDV/3TC or ZDV/3TC plus indinavir (IDV) for 52 weeks (AVANTI 2), and ZDV/3TC or ZDV/3TC and nelfinavir (NFV) for 28 weeks (AVANTI 3). Emergence of viral resistance mutations was monitored by population sequencing and phenotypic resistance was determined by the recombinant virus assay.


Genotypic data were obtained for subjects with plasma HIV-1 RNA > 400 copies/ml. In AVANTI 2, ZDV mutations were detected in 27% of ZDV/3TC-treated patients at week 52, but were absent in subjects treated with ZDV/3TC/IDV. No subjects from either arm of AVANTI 3 developed ZDV resistance mutations at week 28. The M184V mutation developed in most ZDV/3TC-treated subjects from both studies. The presence of M184V was, however, associated with significantly lower plasma viral RNA levels when compared with values obtained before initiation of treatment. There was a high frequency (4 of 11) of the protease L10F substitution in ZDV/3TC/IDV-treated patients that was associated with virological failure but did not result in phenotypic resistance to any of the PIs tested.


ZDV mutations were not detected in ZDV/3TC/PI-treated patients and they developed slowly in those treated with ZDV/3TC. Few protease mutations known to confer phenotypic PI resistance developed in the ZDV/3TC/PI arms of either study. The low prevalence of ZDV and PI mutations is encouraging regarding the future treatment options of these patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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