Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 2000 Apr;22(3):163-8.

The mechanism responsible for the drowsiness caused by first generation H1 antagonists on the EEG pattern.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University, Japan.

Abstract

The present study was performed to clarify the mechanism responsible for the drowsiness caused by first generation H1 antagonists according to electroencephalogram activity. All H1 antagonists used in the present study caused the EEG-recorded drowsiness pattern, i.e., increases in EEG power spectra of the delta and theta bands at the frontal cortex in rats. The potency of cyproheptadine was greater than those of diphenhydramine and promethazine, while that of pyrilamine was less than those of the other drugs examined. The increase in EEG power spectra in the delta band induced by H1 antagonists was antagonized by pretreatment with both histidine and physostigmine. The effect of pyrilamine was more potently antagonized by histidine and less potently antagonized by physostigmine as compared to diphenhydramine, promethazine and cyproheptadine. The increases in EEG power spectra induced by H1 antagonists were neither antagonized nor potentiated by 5-hydroxytryptophan. These results clearly indicate that the increases in EEG power spectra in the delta and theta bands at the frontal cortex in rats induced by first generation H1 antagonists are responsible for both histaminergic and cholinergic mechanisms.

PMID:
10893699
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Clarivate Analytics
    Loading ...
    Support Center