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Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 2000 Apr;22(3):139-43.

The effects of selected drugs on the in vitro protein binding of repaglinide in human plasma.

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Department of Pharmacokinetics, Novo Nordisk A/S, Måløv, Denmark.


This study investigated plasma protein binding by the novel oral hypoglycemic agent, repaglinide, and assessed the influence of other protein-bound drugs upon this process. Varying concentrations of [3H]-repaglinide (0.01 to 100 micrograms/ml) were incubated in solutions of plasma proteins (human serum albumin, HSA; alpha 1-acid glycoprotein, AAGP), or human plasma in the absence or presence of several test drugs. Protein binding was assessed using an ultrafiltration technique. At all concentrations tested, the mean binding of repaglinide in plasma was 98.5%, binding to HSA averaged 98.6%, and the binding to AAGP was saturable and remained below 50%. Warfarin 10 micrograms/ml, furosemide 0.2 microgram/ml, and tolbutamide 100 micrograms/ml, significantly reduced in vitro binding of repaglinide at 1 and 100 micrograms/ml versus control (p < 0.05), producing an 18-36% increase in free repaglinide. No reduction was found using 0.1 microgram/ml repaglinide. Diazepam, glibenclamide and nicardipine hydrochloride had no significant effects on the in vitro protein binding of repaglinide. These data suggest that the binding of repaglinide to HSA in human plasma has potential clinical significance, and that within the therapeutic range for repaglinide, the presence of the test drugs has no clinically relevant effects on repaglinide binding to plasma proteins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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