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Viral Immunol. 2000;13(2):215-29.

Inhibition of cell growth and Epstein-Barr virus reactivation by CD40 stimulation in Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B cells.

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Department of Biosignaling School of Life Science, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Yonago, Japan.


The CD40 molecule plays important roles in B cell activation, proliferation, and immunoglobulin (Ig) class switching. In Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCL), CD40 mediates growth inhibition and EBV reactivation via the CD40 signaling pathways. CD40 cross-linking with a monoclonal antibody arrests cell growth in G1 and induces expression of p27kip1 cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor. CD40 cross-linking also induces EBV reactivation, as detected by the induction of EBV-specific early antigen, immediate early BZLF1 RNA, and its protein product ZEBRA. These results support hypotheses that the proliferation of EBV-infected B cells in vivo can be inhibited by interactions with the CD40 ligand on activated helper T cells, and latent EBV is reactivated via the signaling pathways controlled by CD40 interactions.

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