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FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2000 Aug;28(4):319-27.

Bactericidal antibody response to Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B in patients with bacterial meningitis: effect of immunization with an outer membrane protein vaccine.

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1
Bacteriology Section, Adolfo Lutz Institute, São Paulo, Brazil. lucimar@uerj.br

Abstract

We evaluated the bactericidal antibody response to Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B in convalescent patients (n=65) from bacterial meningitis. Patients infected with B meningococci were stratified according to their vaccination status (Cuban BC vaccine) into group 1 (immunized) (n=12) and group 2 (non-immunized) (n=15). The results suggested that antibody titers > or =2 (log(2)) indicate a specific immune response to N. meningitidis. In group 1, 64% of patients had a significant antibody titer (> or =2) in their acute sera against a B:4:P1.15 strain, compared to only 21% of group 2 patients. All patients from group 1 without bactericidal antibodies in their acute sera had a significant increase (at least 2-fold increase in log(2) titers) in antibody titers in their convalescent sera, in contrast, to only 27% of patients from group 2 (P=0.06). Using mutant strains lacking OMP1 or OMP5, it was shown that OMP1 was an important antigen recognized by immunized patients but not by non-immunized patients.

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