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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Jul 14;273(3):907-12.

Expression and distribution of InsP(3) receptor subtypes in proliferating vascular smooth muscle cells.

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Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom.


The expression and distribution of types 1, 2, and 3 inositol 1,4, 5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP(3)R) in proliferating, primary cultures of rat aortic smooth muscle were compared to fully developed and differentiated rat aortic smooth muscle. Subtype-specific InsP(3)R antibodies revealed that the expression of type 1 InsP(3)R was similar in cultured aortic cells and aorta homogenate but expression of type 2 and 3 InsP(3)R subtypes was increased 3-fold in cultured aortic cells. The distribution of the type 1 InsP(3)R was located throughout the cytoplasm; type 2 InsP(3)R was found closely associated with the nucleus and at the plasma membrane; type 3 InsP(3)R was distributed predominantly around the nucleus. Alterations in InsP(3)R subtype expression and localization may have important functions in regulating intracellular calcium release around the nucleus when vascular smooth muscle cells switch to a more proliferating phenotype.

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