Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Alcohol Res Health. 1999;23(3):197-206.

Approaching avoidance. A step essential to the understanding of craving.

Author information

Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, USA.

Erratum in

  • Alcohol Res Health 1999;23(4):249.


Craving is only one component of the mental processes that influence drinking behavior. Alcohol-related cues (ARCs) can set in motion a dynamic competition between inclinations to approach drinking and inclinations to avoid drinking. Craving can thus be integrated into a comprehensive model of decision-making in which ambivalence or conflict is a key element. The relative strength of each component of the ARC reaction can fluctuate over time as well as in response to both subjective states and environmental circumstances. Simultaneously and independently evaluating these opposing responses puts clinicians in a better position to influence the relative weight that the patient assigns to the positive and negative outcomes of alcohol consumption.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons


    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center