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J Chromatogr A. 2000 Jun 2;880(1-2):35-62.

Applications of solid-phase microextraction in food analysis.

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  • 1Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University, Tsushima, Japan.


Food analysis is important for the evaluation of the nutritional value and quality of fresh and processed products, and for monitoring food additives and other toxic contaminants. Sample preparation, such as extraction, concentration and isolation of analytes, greatly influences the reliable and accurate analysis of food. Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) is a new sample preparation technique using a fused-silica fiber that is coated on the outside with an appropriate stationary phase. Analyte in the sample is directly extracted to the fiber coating. The SPME technique can be used routinely in combination with gas chromatography (GC), GC-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) or LC-MS. Furthermore, another SPME technique known as in-tube SPME has also been developed for combination with LC or LC-MS using an open tubular fused-silica capillary column as an SPME device instead of SPME fiber. These methods using SPME techniques save preparation time, solvent purchase and disposal costs, and can improve the detection limits. This review summarizes the SPME techniques for coupling with various analytical instruments and the applications of these techniques to food analysis.

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