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Plant Physiol. 2000 Jul;123(3):979-86.

The regulation of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase gene expression during the transition from system-1 to system-2 ethylene synthesis in tomato.

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  • 1Plant Science Division, School of Biological Sciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough LE12 5RD, United Kingdom.

Abstract

1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase (ACS) is one of the key regulatory enzymes involved in the synthesis of the hormone ethylene and is encoded by a multigene family containing at least eight members in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum). Increased ethylene production accompanies ripening in tomato, and this coincides with a change in the regulation of ethylene synthesis from auto-inhibitory to autostimulatory. The signaling pathways that operate to bring about this transition from so-called system-1 to system-2 ethylene production are unknown, and we have begun to address these by investigating the regulation of ACS expression during ripening. Transcripts corresponding to four ACS genes, LEACS1A, LEACS2, LEACS4, and LEACS6, were detected in tomato fruit, and expression analysis using the ripening inhibitor (rin) mutant in combination with ethylene treatments and the Never-ripe (Nr) mutant has demonstrated that each is regulated in a unique way. A proposed model suggests that system-1 ethylene is regulated by the expression of LEACS1A and LEACS6. In fruit a transition period occurs in which the RIN gene plays a pivotal role leading to increased expression of LEACS1A and induction of LEACS4. System-2 ethylene synthesis is subsequently initiated and maintained by ethylene-dependent induction of LEACS2.

PMID:
10889246
PMCID:
PMC59060
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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