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Microbiol Immunol. 2000;44(5):335-40.

Protective effect of C-reactive protein against the lethality induced by Vibrio vulnificus lipopolysaccharide.

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Department of Biochemistry, Chonbuk National University Medical School and Institute for Medical Sciences, Chonju, Republic of Korea.


Vibrio vulnificus infection has attracted special interest because of its high mortality. A strong clinical association exists between hepatic dysfunction and increased morbidity and mortality from V. vulnificus infection. In this study, the effect of C-reactive protein (CRP), a typical hepatogenic acute phase protein, on the lethality induced by V. vulnificus lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was investigated in galactosamine-sensitized mice. The pretreatment of CRP, in a dose of at least 2 mg/kg, 2 hr before the challenge of LPS completely protected mice against the lethality by V. vulnificus LPS. The elevation of serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) induced by LPS administration was not affected by CRP pretreatment. However, the LPS- or TNF-alpha-induced hepatotoxicity was completely prevented by CRP. These results indicate that CRP does not prevent the synthesis, but prevents the hepatotoxic action of TNF-alpha. The possibility that impaired production of acute phase proteins in patients with pre-existing hepatic dysfunction may predispose the higher risk of V. vulnificus infection needs to be evaluated further.

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