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Int J Immunopharmacol. 2000 Sep;22(9):707-18.

In vivo acute depletion of CD8(+) T cells before murine cytomegalovirus infection upregulated innate antiviral activity of natural killer cells.

Author information

1
Department of Immunology, Medical Institute of Bioregulation, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan. mohamed_84@hotmail.com

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the effect of depletion of CD8(+) T cells on the activity of natural killer (NK) cells at an early phase of murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) infection. For CD8(+) T cell depletion, mice were intraperitoneally treated with anti-CD8 mAb, purified from 2.43 hybridoma, for 2 consecutive days before or after infection. Three days after infection, we found that an acute depletion of CD8(+) T cells before infection caused a significant decrease in the viral load in liver and spleen. This effect coincided with an increase in numbers of CD3(-) NK1.1(+) cells in spleen and their expression of the early activation molecule CD69. Although cytolytic activity of NK cells increased on day 3 of infection in CD8-depleted mice, the level of IFN-gamma decreased in serum and supernatant of cultured spleen cells. In contrast to the effect of acute depletion of CD8(+) T cells before infection, the depletion after infection had no effect on the viral load or number and cytolytic function of NK cells. Lack of effects of CD8(+) T cell depletion on the viral load and NK cytolytic activity is also observed in CD8(+) knockout mice. In conclusion, the results suggest that an acute depletion of CD8(+) T cells before MCMV infection effectively upregulated the antiviral activity of NK cells. This effect appears to be mediated through an increase in numbers, activation and cytolytic activity of NK cells.

PMID:
10884591
DOI:
10.1016/s0192-0561(00)00033-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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