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J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 2000 Jun;26(3):1106-32.

From vision to action: experiments and models of steering control during driving.

Author information

1
Department of Computer Science, Wellesley College, Massachusetts 02481-8203, USA. ehildreth@wellesley.edu

Abstract

Experienced drivers performed simple steering maneuvers in the absence of continuous visual input. Experiments conducted in a driving simulator assessed drivers' performance of lane corrections during brief visual occlusion and examined the visual cues that guide steering. The dependence of steering behavior on heading, speed, and lateral position at the start of the maneuver was measured. Drivers adjusted steering amplitude with heading and performed the maneuver more rapidly at higher speeds. These dependencies were unaffected by a 1.5-s visual occlusion at the start of the maneuver. Longer occlusions resulted in severe performance degradation. Two steering control models were developed to account for these findings. In the 1st, steering actions were coupled to perceptual variables such as lateral position and heading. In the 2nd, drivers pursued a virtual target in the scene. Both models yielded behavior that closely matches that of human drivers.

PMID:
10884012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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