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Harefuah. 2000 Mar 15;138(6):429-31, 520.

[High dose endobronchial brachytherapy for malignant airway obstruction: first study of 30 patients].

[Article in Hebrew]

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Institute of Pulmonology, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Campus, Petah Tikva.


Brachytherapy is especially suitable for palliative treatment of endobronchial tumors adjacent to internal organs that might be damaged by intensive external beam radiation, but are easily accessed with a flexible bronchoscope. This treatment is mostly palliative. 30 patients underwent such palliative high-dose endobronchial brachytherapy to alleviate malignant airway obstruction. With the aid of a flexible fiberoptic bronchoscope an endobronchial catheter was inserted adjacent to the tumor and treatment delivered using a 192Ir remote afterloader for 5-10 min, in 2 or 3 sessions. There was symptomatic improvement in 26 (86%) and objective improvement in 27 (90%). 1 patient died of hemoptysis.

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