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J Biol Chem. 2000 Oct 13;275(41):31701-7.

Myosin V plays an essential role in the thyroid hormone-dependent endocytosis of type II iodothyronine 5'-deiodinase.

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Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology and the Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA.


In astrocytes, thyroxine modulates type II iodothyronine 5'-deiodinase levels by initiating the binding of the endosomes containing the enzyme to microfilaments, followed by actin-based endocytosis. Myosin V is a molecular motor thought to participate in vesicle trafficking in the brain. In this report, we developed an in vitro actin-binding assay to characterize the thyroid hormone-dependent binding of endocytotic vesicles to microfilaments. Thyroxine and reverse triiodothyronine (EC(50) levels approximately 1 nm) were >100-fold more potent than 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine in initiating vesicle binding to actin fibers in vitro. Thyroxine-dependent vesicle binding was calcium-, magnesium-, and ATP-dependent, suggesting the participation of one or more myosin motors, presumably myosin V. Addition of the myosin V globular tail, lacking the actin-binding head, specifically blocked thyroid hormone-dependent vesicle binding, and direct binding of the myosin V tail to enzyme-containing endosomes was thyroxine-dependent. Progressive NH(2)-terminal deletion of the myosin V tail and domain-specific antibody inhibition studies revealed that the thyroxine-dependent vesicle-tethering domain was localized to the last 21 amino acids of the COOH terminus. These data show that myosin V is responsible for thyroid hormone-dependent binding of primary endosomes to the microfilaments and suggest that this motor mediates the actin-based endocytosis of the type II iodothyronine deiodinase.

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