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J Infect Dis. 2000 Jul;182(1):168-73. Epub 2000 Jun 29.

Invasive disease due to group B streptococcal infection in adults: results from a Canadian, population-based, active laboratory surveillance study--1996. Sentinel Health Unit Surveillance System Site Coordinators.

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Walter Mackenzie Centre, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2J2. gjt@bugs.


In 1996, a population-based surveillance program for invasive adult group B streptococcal (GBS) diseases in Canada was undertaken, to define the epidemiologic and microbiologic characteristics of the disease. Nine public health units across Canada, representing 9.6% of the population, participated in the program. In total, 106 culture-positive cases of invasive adult GBS disease were reported, which represented an incidence rate 4.6 per 100,000 adults (41/100, 000 for pregnant and 4.1/100,000 for nonpregnant adults). Sixty-two (58.5%) of the 106 cases occurred in females, and, of these, 15 (14. 2%) were associated with pregnancy. Serotype V was the most common, accounting for 31% of the 90 GBS isolates typed (26.7% of nonpregnant and 4.4% of pregnant cases). This was followed by serotypes III (19%), Ia (17%), Ib (10%), II (9%), and VII (1%). Thirteen percent were nontypeable. All isolates were susceptible to penicillin, ampicillin, and vancomycin. Resistance to erythromycin and clindamycin was 6.7% and 4.4%, respectively.

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