Send to

Choose Destination
Dev Biol. 2000 Jul 15;223(2):238-50.

Down-regulation of the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor in mouse eggs following fertilization or parthenogenetic activation.

Author information

Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts, 01003, USA.


Fertilization in mammalian eggs is characterized by the presence of intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)]i) oscillations. In mouse eggs, these oscillations cease after a variable period of time and this is accompanied by a decrease in inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) responsiveness and down-regulation of the IP3R type 1 (IP3R-1). To investigate the signaling pathway responsible for inducing IP3R-1 down-regulation during fertilization, mouse eggs were exposed to or injected with several Ca(2+)-releasing agonists and the amounts of IP3R-1 immunoreactivity evaluated by Western blotting. Exposure to ethanol or ionomycin, which induce a single [Ca(2+)]i rise, failed to signal down-regulation of IP3R-1. However, [Ca(2+)]i oscillations induced by injection of boar sperm fractions (SF), which presumably stimulate production of IP3, or adenophostin A, an IP3R agonist, both induced down-regulation of IP3R-1 of a magnitude similar to or greater than that observed after fertilization. Exposure to thimerosal, an oxidizing agent that modifies the IP3R without stimulating production of IP3, also initiated down-regulation of IP3R-1, although oscillations initiated by SrCl(2) failed to evoke down-regulation of IP3R-1. The degradation of IP3R-1 in mouse eggs appears to be mediated by the proteasome pathway because it was inhibited by preincubation with lactacystin, a very specific proteasome inhibitor. We therefore suggest that persistent stimulation of the phosphoinositide pathway in mouse eggs by the sperm during fertilization or by injection of SF leads to down-regulation of the IP3R-1.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center