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Mol Cell. 2000 Feb;5(2):289-98.

Crystal structure of a heterodimeric complex of RAR and RXR ligand-binding domains.

Author information

1
Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, CRNS/INSERM/Université Louis Pasteur/Collège de France, Illkirch, Strasbourg.

Abstract

The crystal structure of a heterodimer between the ligand-binding domains (LBDs) of the human RARalpha bound to a selective antagonist and the constitutively active mouse RXRalphaF318A mutant shows that, pushed by a bulky extension of the ligand, RARalpha helix H12 adopts an antagonist position. The unexpected presence of a fatty acid in the ligand-binding pocket of RXRalpha(F318A is likely to account for its apparent "constitutivity." Specific conformational changes suggest the structural basis of pure and partial antagonism. The RAR-RXR heterodimer interface is similar to that observed in most nuclear receptor (NR) homodimers. A correlative analysis of 3D structures and sequences provides a novel view on dimerization among members of the nuclear receptor superfamily.

PMID:
10882070
DOI:
10.1016/s1097-2765(00)80424-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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