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Pancreas. 2000 Jul;21(1):32-40.

The expression of chemokine genes correlates with nuclear factor-kappaB activation in human pancreatic cancer cell lines.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu, Japan.


Chemokines may regulate the process of immune cell infiltration that is often found in pancreatic cancer. In this study, we investigated the secretion of the chemokines [interleukin (IL)-8, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, and RANTES (regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted)] in human pancreatic cancer cell lines. The chemokine secretion in three pancreatic cancer cell lines (PANC-1, MIA PaCa-2, and BxPC-3) was evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Northern blot, and the activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and NF-IL6 was assessed by an electrophoretic gel mobility shift assay (EMSA). Without any stimulation, IL-8 secretion was detected in all cell lines, and MCP-1 secretion was detected in PANC-1 and MIA PaCa-2 cells. However, RANTES secretion was not detected in all cells. The addition of IL-1beta and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha strongly enhanced IL-8, MCP-1, and RANTES secretion; these responses were observed at the mRNA level as well as at the protein level. IL-1beta and TNF-alpha induced a rapid activation of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB in PANC-1 cells, and the increase in chemokine mRNA expression correlated with NF-kappaB activation. The activation of NF-IL6 was modest. A blockade of NF-kappaB activation by TPCK markedly reduced the IL-1beta- and TNF-alpha-induced chemokine gene expression. Our findings indicate that chemokines are produced by pancreatic cancer cells, and suggest that these factors may contribute to the accumulation of tumor-associated immune cells. In addition, the transcriptional activation of chemokine genes in pancreatic cancer cells may be closely associated with NF-kappaB activation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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