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Virchows Arch. 2000 May;436(5):459-65.

Hepatic peroxisomes in isolated hyperpipecolic acidaemia: evidence supporting its classification as a single peroxisomal enzyme deficiency.

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University of Gent, Belgium.


Hyperpipecolic acidaemia is still regarded as a peroxisomal assembly deficiency. The enzyme responsible for the accumulation of pipecolic acid is located in the peroxisomes in man. We studied the appearance and alterations of peroxisomes in liver biopsy material from three unrelated children suffering from isolated hyperpipecolic acidaemia, in which only the metabolism of pipecolic acid is disturbed, using light and electron microscopy after cytochemical staining for visualisation of peroxisomes. Morphometric results showed the presence of normal-sized to small peroxisomes, an increase in number and abnormally shaped organelles, suggesting enhancement of metabolic efficiency. In one case enlarged organelles were observed. Skin fibroblasts were studied in all patients: their peroxisomes appeared to be normal. The obvious presence of peroxisomes in isolated HPA indicates that this disorder should be classified as a single peroxisomal enzyme deficiency.

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