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Genetics. 2000 Jul;155(3):1005-18.

Defects in protein glycosylation cause SHO1-dependent activation of a STE12 signaling pathway in yeast.

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Institute of Molecular Biology, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403-1229, USA.


In haploid Saccharomyces cerevisiae, mating occurs by activation of the pheromone response pathway. A genetic selection for mutants that activate this pathway uncovered a class of mutants defective in cell wall integrity. Partial loss-of-function alleles of PGI1, PMI40, PSA1, DPM1, ALG1, MNN10, SPT14, and OCH1, genes required for mannose utilization and protein glycosylation, activated a pheromone-response-pathway-dependent reporter (FUS1) in cells lacking a basal signal (ste4). Pathway activation was suppressed by the addition of mannose to hexose isomerase mutants pgi1-101 and pmi40-101, which bypassed the requirement for mannose biosynthesis in these mutants. Pathway activation was also suppressed in dpm1-101 mutants by plasmids that contained RER2 or PSA1, which produce the substrates for Dpm1. Activation of FUS1 transcription in the mannose utilization/protein glycosylation mutants required some but not all proteins from three different signaling pathways: the pheromone response, invasive growth, and HOG pathways. We specifically suggest that a Sho1 --> Ste20/Ste50 --> Ste11 --> Ste7 --> Kss1 --> Ste12 pathway is responsible for activation of FUS1 transcription in these mutants. Because loss of pheromone response pathway components leads to a synthetic growth defect in mannose utilization/protein glycosylation mutants, we suggest that the Sho1 --> Ste12 pathway contributes to maintenance of cell wall integrity in vegetative cells.

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