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Am J Pathol. 2000 Jul;157(1):297-302.

Regulation of liver inflammatory injury by signal transducer and activator of transcription-6.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, KY 40202, USA.

Abstract

Liver injury induced by hepatic ischemia/reperfusion is characterized by activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB, increased production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha), liver neutrophil accumulation, and hepatocellular damage. Exogenous administration of interleukin-4 (IL-4) or IL-13 was recently shown to regulate this inflammatory injury in association with activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription-6 (STAT6). The objective of the present study was to determine whether STAT6 was required for the regulation of liver inflammation by IL-4 and IL-13. Wild-type and STAT6 knockout mice underwent 90 minutes of hepatic ischemia followed by 8 hours of reperfusion. Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion in wild-type and STAT6 knockout mice significantly increased (P < 0.05) NF-kappaB activation, serum levels of TNFalpha, liver accumulation of neutrophils [measured by myeloperoxidase (MPO) content], and hepatocellular damage [measured by serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT)] compared to sham controls. In wild-type mice, activation of STAT6 was not observed after ischemia/reperfusion. Administration of 1 microg of IL-4 or IL-13 at reperfusion reduced serum TNFalpha, liver neutrophil accumulation, and hepatocellular injury in wild-type mice. Treatment with IL-4 or IL-13 had no effect on liver NF-kappaB activation but significantly increased activation of STAT6. In STAT6 knockout mice, neither IL-4 nor IL-13 had any effect on TNFalpha, MPO, or ALT values, the regulatory effects of these cytokines being completely abolished. The data suggest that activation of STAT6 may regulate liver inflammatory injury.

PMID:
10880399
PMCID:
PMC1850199
DOI:
10.1016/S0002-9440(10)64540-3
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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