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Cytokine. 2000 Jul;12(7):1129-35.

Regulation of interleukin 6 production in a human gastric epithelial cell line MKN-28.

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Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, China.


Interleukin (IL-) 6 is closely related to gastrointestinal diseases. The question of whether gastric epithelial cell contributes to IL-6 production remains undefined. We aim to evaluate the regulatory pathway of IL-6 expression in gastric epithelial cells, by using different inflammatory cytokines, endotoxin, or protein kinase modulators. IL-6 was measured by ELISA. Phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA), calcium ionophore A23187, TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, oncostatin M (OSM) but not lipopolysaccharide stimulated IL-6 production from gastric epithelial cell line MKN-28. Blocking protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) activation by herbimycin A or genistein, or blocking NF-kappaB activation by pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate, reduced the IL-6 expression induced by TNF-alpha, IL-1beta and OSM. Dexamethasone mimicked this effect. Protein kinase (PK) C inhibitor only reduced the PMA and OSM induced IL-6 production. Both inhibitors and activators for PKA and G-protein as well as IL-10 had no effects on IL-6 expression. These results indicate that inflammatory cytokines are crucial for IL-6 regulation in gastric epithelial cells. The IL-6 signal pathway is mediated through PTK, NF-kappaB, and also involve PKC, intracellular calcium and sensitive to dexamethasone, but is not related to PKA, G-protein and IL-10.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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