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Cytokine. 2000 Jul;12(7):1054-64.

Regulation of chemokine expression by IL-10 in lung inflammation.

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Division of Critical Care Medicine, Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA.


We have been interested in understanding the mechanisms regulating the inflammatory process underlying acute lung injury. The current studies have employed a model of acute lung inflammation in mice triggered by bacterial lipopolysaccharide. The development of this injury was associated with increased expression of the chemokines, MIP-1alpha and MIP-2, that coordinate recruitment of neutrophils to the lung. IL-10 is a potent, endogenous anti-inflammatory molecule that has been shown to decrease lung inflammation partly on the basis of TNF-alpha and IL-1beta inhibition. In these studies we tested the hypothesis that endogenous IL-10 modulates chemokine expression using the IL-10 knock-out mouse, and then explored the molecular mechanisms by which IL-10 might do so. The results demonstrate that significant elevations in both chemokines were observed in the absence of IL-10 and that these findings were associated with significant increases in lung neutrophil accumulation. In vitro studies defined two, gene-specific, mechanisms by which IL-10 regulated chemokine expression: mRNA destabilization and NF-kappaB inhibition. These results suggested that IL-10 is an important, endogenous regulator of chemokine expression in acute lung inflammation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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