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Peptides. 2000 May;21(5):631-7.

Synthesis and biological activity of adipokinetic hormone analogues with modifications in the 4-8 region.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Patras, 26500, Patras, Greece.


Several structural characteristics in the molecule of the locust adipokinetic hormone, AKH-I, have been investigated in terms of their importance in determining biologic activity. All modifications tested in this study resulted in analogues with decreased potency in comparison with the parent molecule. However, all analogues that were found to be active gave a full response, although often only at very high doses of peptide. This study has highlighted for the locust receptor(s) the vital role of the side chain of Thr(5), and the importance of positions 4 and 8. For example, when Trp(8) and Phe(4) were exchanged, the resulting analogue (Trp(4),Phe(8)-AKH-I) was one of the least active analogues tested in this study. Although Trp is tolerated quite well as a substitute for Phe(4), with only a 10-fold loss of potency, Phe is not favored as a substitute for Trp(8) (>300 times decrease in potency). On the other hand, 3-[2-napthyl] alanine (Nal) is a better substitute for Trp(8) (only a 100-fold loss in potency). We conclude that position 4 requires a phenyl ring in the side chain, and position 8 an indole ring.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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