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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2000 Jun 10;16(9):925-30.

Identification of a new HIV-2 subtype based on phylogenetic analysis of full-length genomic sequence.

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AIDS Research and Retrovirus Discovery, Department 9NG, Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, Illinois 60064, USA.


Human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) and simian immunodeficiency virus from sooty mangabey (SIV(SM) form one of the six primate lentivirus lineages. The close phylogenetic relationship and geographic coincidence indicate that HIV-2 originated from cross-species transmission of SIV(SM) to humans. HIV-2 exhibits considerable genetic diversity, with subtypes A-F identified. Previously, we reported the partial gag and env sequences of an unusual HIV-2 isolate, Abt96. Abt96 was collected in Ivory Coast from an asymptomatic blood donor. Here we describe the near full-length genomic sequence of Abt96. The genome was assembled from overlapping PCR fragments amplified from viral RNA isolated from plasma. Phylogenetic analysis of sequences derived from segments of the Abt96 genome demonstrate that the Abt96 isolate branches independently of all other characterized HIV-2 isolates. On the basis of the phylogenetic data being presented, we propose that Abt96 is a new HIV-2 subtype and designate it subtype G.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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