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J Acoust Soc Am. 2000 Jun;107(6):3317-32.

Study of mechanical motions in the basal region of the chinchilla cochlea.

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Department of Physiology, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706, USA.


Measurements from the 1-4-mm basal region of the chinchilla cochlea indicate the basilar membrane in the hook region (12-18 kHz) vibrates essentially as it does more apically, in the 5-9-kHz region. That is, a compressive nonlinearity in the region of the characteristic frequency, amplitude-dependent phase changes, and a gain relative to stapes motion that can attain nearly 10,000 at low levels. The displacement at threshold for auditory-nerve fibers in this region (20 dB SPL) was approximately 2 nm. Measurements were made at several locations in individual animals in the longitudinal and radial directions. The results indicate that there is little variability in the phase of motion radially and no indication of higher-order modes of vibration. The data from the longitudinal studies indicate that there is a shift in the location of the maximum with increasing stimulus levels toward the base. The cochlear amplifier extends over a 2-3-mm region around the location of the characteristic frequency.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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