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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Jun 24;273(1):287-93.

Glioma inhibition by HGF/NK2, an antagonist of scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA.

Abstract

Strategies that antagonize growth factor signaling are attractive candidates for the biological therapy of brain tumors. HGF/NK2 is a secreted truncated splicing variant and potential antagonist of scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor (SF/HGF), a multifunctional cytokine involved in the malignant progression of solid tumors including glioblastoma. U87 human malignant glioma cells that express an autocrine SF/HGF stimulatory loop were transfected with the human HGF/NK2 cDNA and clonal cell lines that secrete high levels of HGF/NK2 protein (U87-NK2) were isolated. The effects of HGF/NK2 gene transfer on the U87 malignant phenotype were examined. HGF/NK2 gene transfer had no effect on 2-dimensional anchorage-dependent cell growth. In contrast, U87-NK2 cell lines were approximately 20-fold less clonogenic in soft agar and approximately 4-fold less migratory than control-transfected cell lines. Intracranial tumor xenografts derived from U87-NK2 cells grew much slower than controls. U87-NK2 tumors were approximately 50-fold smaller than controls at 21 days post-implantation and HGF/NK2 gene transfer resulted in a trend toward diminished tumorigenicity. This report shows that the predominant effect of transgenic HGF/NK2 overexpression by glioma cells that are autocrine for SF/HGF stimulation is to inhibit their malignant phenotype.

PMID:
10873600
DOI:
10.1006/bbrc.2000.2935
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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