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Clin Cancer Res. 2000 Jun;6(6):2573-81.

Nuclear factor-kappaB activity correlates with growth, angiogenesis, and metastasis of human melanoma cells in nude mice.

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  • 1Department of Cancer Biology, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030, USA.


The purpose of this study was to determine the role of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB/relA activity in the induction of angiogenesis and production of metastasis by human melanoma cells. Highly metastatic melanoma variant cells expressed high levels of constitutive NF-kappaB activity. Transfection of highly metastatic human melanoma variant cells with a dominant-negative mutant inhibitor of nuclear factor-kappaB alpha (Ikappabeta alpha) expression vector (Ikappabeta alphaM) decreased the level of constitutive NF-kappaB activity, inhibited s.c. tumor growth, and prevented lung metastasis in nude mice. Furthermore, the slow-growing s.c. tumors formed by the IkappaB alphaM-transfected cells exhibited a decrease in microvessel density (angiogenesis), which correlated with a decrease in the level of interleukin-8 expression. Collectively, these results demonstrate that NF-kappaB/reLA activity significantly contributes to tumorigenicity, angiogenesis, and metastasis of human melanoma cells implanted in nude mice.

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