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Clin Cancer Res. 2000 Jun;6(6):2189-200.

High microvascular blood volume is associated with high glucose uptake and tumor angiogenesis in human gliomas.

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MGH-NMR Center, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston 02114, USA.


The purpose of this investigation was to elucidate the association between microvascular blood volume and glucose uptake and to link these measures with tumor angiogenesis. We demonstrate a regionally specific correlation between tumor relative microvascular blood volume (CBV), determined in vivo with functional magnetic resonance imaging techniques, and tumor glucose uptake determined with fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography. Regions of maximum glucose uptake were well matched with maximum CBV across all patients (n = 21; r = 0.572; P = 0.023). High-grade gliomas showed significantly elevated CBV and glucose uptake compared with low-grade gliomas, (P = 0.009 and 0.008, respectively). Correlations between CBV and glucose uptake were then determined on a voxel-by-voxel basis within each patient's glioma. Correlation indices varied widely, but in 16 of 21 cases of human glioma, CBV and glucose uptake were correlated (r > 0.150). These measures were well correlated in all cases when comparing healthy brain tissue in these same patients. Tumor vascularity, as determined immunohistochemically and morphometrically on clinical samples, revealed statistically significant relationships with functional imaging characteristics in vivo. Regional heterogeneities in glucose uptake were well matched with functional magnetic resonance imaging CBV maps. Our findings support the concept that there is an association of microvascular density and tumor energy metabolism in most human gliomas. In addition, the findings are likely to have important clinical applications in the initial evaluation, treatment, and longitudinal monitoring of patients with malignant gliomas.

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