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Hum Pathol. 2000 Jun;31(6):709-16.

Comparison of histological changes and changes in nm23 and c-MET expression between primary and metastatic sites in osteosarcoma: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study.

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Department of Anatomic Pathology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.


Changes in morphological features between the primary and metastatic sites in osteosarcoma and the role of nm23 protein and c-MET oncogene product have remained controversial. In addition to histological studies, we evaluated the expression of nm23, c-MET, p53, and MDM2 immunohistochemically using 25 osteosarcomas in which both primary and concordant metastatic specimens were available. Moreover, we assessed proliferative activity using the monoclonal antibody MIB-1. Among these 25 cases, 4 tumors that were osteoblastic type (16%) in the primary site had changed morphologically to MFH-like type in the metastatic site, whereas 2 MFH-like type and 1 small cell-type tumors had changed to osteoblastic type. MIB-1 LI was significantly higher in the metastatic site than in the primary site (primary, 20.02; metastatic, 26.72; P = .0209). Seventeen cases (68%) showed increased nm23 expression in the metastatic site, whereas 2 cases showed reduced expression. nm23 expression was significantly increased in the metastatic site, compared with the primary site (P = .0009). Seven cases (28%) showing negative reaction for c-MET in the primary site showed immunuoreactivity for c-MET in the metastatic site. Although there was no statistical significance, c-MET expression seemed to be more frequent in the metastatic site, compared with the primary site. Among the overall tumors, c-MET-positive tumors showed significantly higher MIB-1 LI, compared with c-MET-negative tumors (negative, 20.99; positive, 27.65; P = .0292). No significant change was observed regarding p53 and MDM2 between the primary and metastatic site. Our results suggest that rather than being a metastasis-suppressor gene, nm23 is in fact correlated with metastatic progression in osteosarcoma. Positive correlation between c-MET expression and proliferative activity also suggests that c-MET expression may play an important role in tumor progression in osteosarcomas.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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