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Pediatr Nephrol. 2000 Jun;14(6):486-8.

Nephrotic syndrome associated with Kimura disease.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of California, Irvine, USA.


Kimura disease presents as benign subcutaneous swelling predominantly around the head and neck region. It has a high incidence of renal involvement. However, the pathogenesis of this association remains elusive. Only 2 pediatric cases and 11 adult cases of Kimura disease with renal involvement have been reported in the literature. In recent years many immunopathogenetic features suggesting an underlying T-cell and related cytokine defect have been noted in Kimura disease. We describe a unique case of an Asian boy who presented with nephrotic syndrome resistant to steroid and cytotoxic therapy, and 5 years later developed cervical lymphadenopathy consistent with Kimura disease. We also review the literature, summarizing the presentation, differential diagnosis, incidence of renal disease, prognosis, immunopathogenetic features, and therapy.

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